One of the most common paint problems homeowners may encounter is mildew. Often mistaken for dirt buildup, mildew appears as a black, gray, or brown discoloration on a painted surface. Although there are several mildew resistant paints now on the market, the mildew that is currently present must first be treated before applying paint.
Mildew is pervasive. It thrives in damp environments with little exposure to sunlight. Though it is most commonly associated with high-humidity spaces like bathrooms, mildew can affect most painted areas, including home exteriors. Once the mildew has spawned and is observable, unless a correct cleaning process is adhered to, there is a good chance the mildew will return to blemish what seems to be a perfect paint job; it’s the plague of a recurring nightmare.
Mildew versus Mold
Before you decide to remove the mildew that mars the painted surfaces of your home, you should determine if the apparent spots are actually mildew.
People often hear the terms “mildew” and “mold” as if they are identical, but it would be more correct to understand that they are related; mildew is actually a more benign type of mold, and is generally poses less harm than the black mold growth it gets confused with.
To check whether mildew is present, apply a few drops of household chlorine bleach to the affected area. Mildew will lighten or disappear within a few minutes, while dirt will remain. If this happens, the good news is that the paint has not deteriorated and the mildew can be removed.
Possible Causes of Mildew
- Using lower quality paints, which may not be formulated for mildew resistance.
- Painting in damp, dark areas that have little access to sunlight or dry air.
- Not priming a surface prior to painting.
- Painting over a substrate or coating from which mildew has not been removed.
How to Remove Mildew
- NEVER paint over mildew—it will grow through new paint, which will make subsequent cleaning and maintenance even more difficult.
- Wash the affected surface with a mixture of household bleach and water—three parts water to one-part bleach—or with a household cleanser designed to kill mildew.
- Scrub the affected surface with a soft brush.
- Rinse thoroughly with clean water.
How to Avoid Mildew
- Use a high quality, mildew resistant paint, such as Aura® Bath & Spa, our choice for a mildew resistant paint for bathrooms.
- Clean and sanitize surfaces prior to painting whether mildew is visible or not. For interiors, wash walls thoroughly using the 3:1 household bleach solution. Home exteriors can be power washed using the same solution. Thoroughly rinse surfaces after and allow to dry.
For interiors, install ceiling fans, exhaust fans, or dehumidifiers in rooms that are susceptible to mildew growth, such as bathrooms, laundry rooms, and kitchens. For exteriors, allow for as much sunlight towards the painted areas as possible, and redirect moisture sources, such as dripping air conditioners, misdirected sprinklers and leaky gutters.
Main source: Benjamin Moore Paints